Sir Francis Cockburn
() (10 November 1780 – 24 August 1868) served in the British Army
, played an important role in the early settlement of eastern Canada
and was a colonial administrator.
Cockburn was born in England in 1780. He was the fifth and last son of Sir James Cockburn, 8th Baronet
(1729–1804) and his second wife Augusta Anne Ayscough
. His maternal grandfather was Francis Ayscough
, Dean of Bristol
and royal tutor.
He joined the 7th Dragoon Guards at the age of 19 and served in South America and the Iberian Peninsula
. He arrived in Canada in 1811 as a captain in the Canadian Fencibles
and fought in the War of 1812
. He served with the Quartermaster-General for Upper Canada
. In 1815, he became assistant quartermaster-general for Upper Canada and assisted in settling immigrants near Perth
in the Bathurst District.
In 1818, he became deputy quartermaster-general for Upper and Lower Canada
. He helped establish military settlements at Perth, Richmond
, the Bay of Quinte
, Glengarry County
and on the Saint-François River
in Lower Canada. He also founded a village at Franktown, Ontario
. In 1819, he accompanied the Duke of Richmond
on the tour of Perth and Richmond which led to the Duke's death.
He returned to England in 1823. During his time there, he helped establish the price of lands for properties in Upper Canada and provided advice on the best locations for settlement in the region.
He served as superintendent of British Honduras
from 1830 to... Read More