Francis Day of Madras

Francis Day Of Madras

Francis Day of Madras

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Francis Day (1605–1673) was a British administrator associated with the British East India Company. He served as a factor of the British East India Company factory at Masulipatnam from 1632 to 1639. In 1639, he negotiated the purchase of a strip of land south of the Dutch factory at Pulicat from the Raja of Chandragiri, where the town of Madras was built. He served as the second Agent of Madras from 1643 to 1644. Along with Andrew Cogan, he is regarded as the founder of Madras.

Early life

Francis Day was born to William Day of Bray and his wife Helen Wentworth, the daughter of a British parliamentarian. He is believed to be the grandson of William Day, who was appointed Bishop of Winchester in 1595. Francis completed his education from Eton and joined the services of the British East India Company in 1632.

Purchase of Madras

In 1637, Francis Day, then a member of the Masulipatnam Council and Chief of the Armagon Factory, undertook a voyage of exploration down the Coromandel Coast, as far as Pondicherry. At that time, the Coromandel Coast was ruled by the Raja of Chandragiri through a local chief or Nayak, Damarla Venkatappa Nayak, who ruled the coast from Pulicat up to Santhome. He had his seat at Wandiwash and his brother, Ayyappa Nayak resided at Poonamallee.

It is widely presumed that Ayyappa Nayak was the one who wooed the British to choose the area comprising the modern-day Georgetown for settlement. Day and his superior, Andrew Cogan, investigated the...
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