(bap. 3 November 1564 – 27 November 1644) was a Spanish painter
, best known as the teacher of Diego Velázquez
and Alonso Cano
, and for his textbook on painting that is an important source for the study of 17th-century practice in Spain. He is described by some as the Vasari of Seville
: voluble and didactic about his theories of painting and thoughts about painters, conventional and uninspired in his executions
He was born at Sanlúcar de Barrameda
, son of Juan Pérez and wife Leonor del Río, and moved to Seville
at a young age. He was a student of Luis Fernandez
, and did much of his learning by copying works of the Italian masters. He visited Madrid
in 1611, studying the work of El Greco
, then returned to Seville and opened an art school. He married ... de Miranda and had one daughter, Juana Pacheco (1 June 1602 – 10 August 1660).
Pacheco's school emphasized the academically correct representation of religious subjects, not least because he was the official censor of Seville's Inquisition
. His own work reflects those constraints; paintings such as the Last Judgment
(convent of Santa Isabel) and Martyrs of Granada
are monumental in scale but unimaginative in treatment.
Although Velázquez was a student in Pacheco's school for six years, and married Pacheco's daughter Juana in 1618, there is no trace of Pacheco's... Read More