, the clandestine revolutionary Free Officers Movement
()was composed of young junior army officers committed to unseating the Egyptian monarchy
and its British advisors. It was founded by Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
in the aftermath of Egypt's defeat in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
Economic challenges of the post WWI period, namely the Great Depression
, affected economies around the globe including those in the Middle East
. Stereotypes surrounding modernity and progress centralized issues which became apparent in the post world Middle East. During this time, the activities of the Great Powers
in the Middle East, specifically the removal of economic development institutions after some positive advancement became evident, encouraged many political groups to organize against the politicians who dominated the parliamentary politics of the time. Workers had become accustomed to development efforts which were meant to stabilize the economy of the region. The state led initiatives set the standard for what the people expected of their government including the regulation of imports, industrial investment, and commodity distribution and production supervision.Gelvin, James L. The Modern Middle East: A History
. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
thumb|Politicians and government bodies were forced to respond to the demands of groups who were directly affected by the initiative changes and withdrawals.......