() is the cathedral of Freiburg
, southwest Germany
. The last duke of Zähringen
had started the building around 1200 in romanesque style, the construction continued in 1230 in Gothic style. The minster was partly built on the foundations of an original church that had been there from the beginning of Freiburg in 1120. In 1827 the Minster became the seat of the Catholic archbishop of Freiburg
and thus a cathedral.
The Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt
once said that the church's 116-meter tower will forever remain the most beautiful spire on earth
. His remark gave rise to the frequently heard misquote of the most beautiful tower in the whole of Christianity
The tower is nearly square at the base, and at its centre is the dodecagonal star gallery. Above this gallery, the tower is octagonal and tapered, and above this, is the spire.
It is the only Gothic
church tower in Germany that was completed in the Middle Ages (1330), and miraculously, has lasted until the present, surviving the bombing raids of November 1944, which destroyed all of the houses on the west and north side of the market. The tower was subject to severe vibration at the time, and its survival of these vibrations is attributed to its lead anchors, which connect the sections of the spire. The windows had been taken out of the spire at the time, and so these also suffered no damage.
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