French Antarctic Expedition

French Antarctic Expedition

French Antarctic Expedition

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French Antarctic Expedition refers to several French expeditions in Antarctica.

First expedition

Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec (February 13, 1734 - March 3, 1797) was a French explorer.

In 1772, he sailed to the Antarctic, in search of the fabled Terra Australis, where he discovered the Kerguelen Islands and took possession of various territories for France. He was accompanied by the naturalist Jean Guillaume Bruguière.

In his report to King Louis XV, he greatly overestimated the value of the Kerguelen Islands; consequently, he was sent off on a second expedition, again reaching Kerguelen. By now, it had become clear that these islands were desolate and quite useless, and certainly not the Terra Australis. On his return, Kerguelen-Trémarec was sent to prison.

Second expedition

In 1837, an expedition led by Jules Dumont d'Urville to the South Polar regions, he sailed along a coastal area of Antarctica that he named the Adélie Coast in honour of his wife. On his return in 1840, he was made rear admiral.

Third expedition

Jean-Baptiste Charcot was appointed leader of the French Antarctic Expedition with the ship Français, exploring the west coast of Graham Land from 1904 until 1907. The expedition reached Adelaide Island in 1905 and took pictures of the Palmer Archipelago and Loubet Coast.

They roughly surveyed the SW coast of Anvers Island in 1904. They gave the name "Presqu'ile de Biscoe" to a small peninsula on the SE side of Biscoe Bay, honoring John...
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