The French Revolution
was a period in the history of France
covering the years 1789 to 1799, in which republicans
overthrew the Bourbon monarchy
and the Roman Catholic Church perforce underwent radical restructuring. This article covers a period of time slightly longer than a year, from 14 July 1790, the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille
, to the establishment of the Legislative Assembly
on 1 October 1791.
This article is a continuation of French Revolution from the abolition of feudalism to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
. Please see that article for background and historical context.
From the anniversary of the Bastille to the death of Mirabeau
The anniversary of the Bastille
The National Constituent Assembly
declared a celebration for 14 July 1790 on the Champ de Mars
. By way of prelude to this patriotic fête, on 20 June, the Assembly, at the urging of the popular members of the nobility
, abolished all titles, armorial bearings, liveries and orders of knighthood, destroying the symbolic paraphernalia of the ancien régime
. This further alienated the more conservative nobles, and added to the ranks of the émigrés
On the 14th, Talleyrand
performed a mass; participants swore an oath of "fidelity to the nation, the law, and the king"; the king and the royal family actively participated in the celebrations, which went on for several days.
The Constituent Assembly continues
The members of the Estates-General
had originally been elected to... Read More