The Frontier Crimes Regulation
(FCR) comprises a set of laws enforced by the British Raj
in the Pashtun
-inhabited tribal areas at the Northwest British India. They were specially devised to counter the fierce opposition of the Pashtuns to British rule, and their main objective was to protect the interests of the British Empire
The FCR dates back to the occupation of the six Pashtun-inhabited frontier districts by the British in 1848. The regulation was re-enacted in 1873 and again in 1876, with minor modifications.
With the passage of time, the regulation was found to be inadequate and new acts and offences were added to it to extend its scope. This was done through promulgation of the Frontier Crimes Regulation 1901.
The FCR advocates collective punishment
, and many human rights
activists argue it is against the most basic Human rights
According to the FCR despite the presence of popularly elected tribal representatives, parliament can play no role in the affairs of the area.Article 247
of the Pakistani Constitution provides that no Act of Parliament applies to FATA
, unless the president so desires. Only the president is authorized to amend laws and promulgate ordinances for the tribal areas. Some of the provisions described as discriminatory are substantive as well as procedural - e.g. selection of jirga members (section 2), trial procedure in... Read More