Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University () is one of the oldest and most prestigious medical schools in China, and boasts a long history and a rich heritage of learning and scholarship. It is frequently ranked among the top three medical schools in China. As a result of China's on-going optimization of its educational system, Fudan University (established in 1905) and Shanghai Medical University (established in 1927) merged in the April of 2000 to become a more comprehensive institution of higher education. On July 27, 2001, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University was established, with Professor Wang Wei-ping as its first dean, and the original site of Shanghai Medical University is now known as the Fenglin Campus of Fudan University.
1927 Founded by the Yale-educated public health expert Dr. Yan Fuqing (颜福庆) as National Fourth Zhongshan University Medical College, it was the earliest medical school in China established as a national (public) Chinese university, comprising part of Fourth Zhongshan University.