Fujian Province, Republic of China

Fujian Province, Republic Of China

Fujian Province, Republic of China

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Description:
Fujian Province (; Postal map spelling: Fukien) is a province on the coast of southeastern China. Since 1949, Fujian has been split between two separate governments: the vast majority of Fujian province has been governed by the People's Republic of China (PRC); while a number of offshore islands have been governed by the Republic of China (ROC) government in Taiwan. The PRC and ROC have each maintained its own respective Fujian provincial government to administer the portions that it controls. This article describes the specific portion of Fujian governed by the Republic of China. See Fujian for a description of the entire province, especially the part currently governed by the People's Republic of China.

The seat of the provincial government of ROC-controlled Fujian is Chincheng Township of Kinmen County.

History

During the Chinese Civil War, the ROC lost control of mainland China, including most of Fujian province, and was forced to relocate to Taiwan, while the victorious communist forces established the PRC in 1949. In the Battle of Kuningtou, however, ROC forces were able to defend the island of Quemoy just off the coast of Fujian from communist attack. As a result, the ROC has been able to hold on to a number of offshore islands of Fujian, and has continued to maintain a separate Fujian provincial government to govern these islands, parallel to the province of Fujian in mainland China.

In 1956, due to heightened potential for military conflict with the PRC, the ROC...
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