Fusobacterium necrophorum

Fusobacterium Necrophorum

Fusobacterium necrophorum

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Fusobacterium necrophorum is the species of Fusobacterium that is responsible for Lemierre's syndrome, and appears to be responsible for 10% of all acute sore throats with the remainder being caused by Group A streptococci or viruses.

Other complications from F. necrophorum include meningitis, complicated by thrombosis of the external jugular vein, thrombosis of the cerebral veins, and infection of the urogenital and the gastrointestinal tracts.

F. necrophorum infection usually responds to treatment with penicillin or metronidazole, but penicillin treatment for persistent pharyngitis appears anecdotally to have a higher relapse rate, although the reasons for that are unclear. This bacterium is also considered the cause of the foot disease thrush in horses.

Although this infection is rare, researchers agree that this diagnosis should be considered in a septicaemic patient with thrombosis in an unusual site, and underlying malignancy should be excluded in cases of confirmed F. necrophorum occurring at sites caudal to the head.

F. necrophorum is also a cause for lameness in sheep. Its infection is commonly called scald. It can last for several years on land used by either sheep or cattle and is found...
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