Fyodor Aleksandrovich Abramov
() (February 29, 1920 – May 14, 1983) was a Russian novelist
and literary critic
. His work focused on the difficult lives of the Russian peasant class
. He was frequently reprimanded for deviations from Soviet
policy on writing.
Abramov was a peasant through ancestry. He studied at Leningrad State University, but put his schooling on hold to serve as a soldier in World War II. In 1951 he finished his schooling at the university, and he stayed at Leningrad State University until 1960 to teach. After he left the university he became a full time writer.
His essay, written in 1954, "Lyudi kolkhoznoy derevni v poslevoyennoy" (“People in the Kolkhoz Village in Postwar Prose”), which addressed the glorified portrayal of life in Communist Soviet Villages, was denounced by the Writers' Union and the Central Committee. In a later essay, Abramov argued for the repeal of the law that denied peasants internal passports, he also recommended giving the peasantry larger shares of the profits of their labors. This essay led to his removal from the editorial staff of the journal Neva.
His first novel entitled, "Bratya i syostri" ("Brothers and Sisters") was written in 1958. It dealt with the harsh life of northern Russian villagers during World War II. Abramov wrote two sequels to "Bratya i syostri". Entitled, "Dve zimy i tri leta" ("Two Winters and Three Summers") and... Read More