Gaius Marius Victorinus

Gaius Marius Victorinus

Gaius Marius Victorinus

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Gaius Marius Victorinus (also known as Victorinus Afer, fourth century) was a Roman grammarian, rhetorician and Neoplatonic philosopher. Victorinus was African by birth and experienced the height of his career during the reign of Constantius II. He is also known for translating 2 of Aristotle's books from ancient Greek into Latin: the Categories and On Interpretation (De Interpretatione).
  "Medieval Philosophy" (section 3),,
  Stanford University, December 2009, webpage:
Victorinus had a religious conversion, from being a Platonist to a Roman Catholic (c. 355) "at an advanced old age".


Victorinus, at some unknown point, left Africa for Rome (hence some modern scholars have dubbed him Afer), probably for a position teaching, and had great success in his career, eventually being promoted to the lowest level of the senatorial order. That promotion probably came at the time when he received an honorific statue in the Forum of Trajan in 354 (Jerome supplied biographical information but was not his student). Victorinus' religious conversion from a Platonist to a Roman Catholic (c. 355), "at an advanced old age" according to Jerome, made a great impression on Augustine of Hippo, as recounted in Book 8Augustine of Hippo, Confessions, VIII,II, 3-6. of the latter's Confessions. His conversion is historically important in foreshadowing the defection of more and more of the...
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