Galle District

Galle District

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Galle District

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Description:
Galle (; ) is a district in Southern Province, Sri Lanka.

Geological background

Its area is , in which is water and is land. Galle District bounded on the North by Benthara river, South and West by the Indian Ocean and East by Matara and Ratnapura Districts. Topography of Galle District is very much dissent. The climatic condition of Hiniduma Patthuwa is very similar to the central hill country of Sri Lanka. This area consists of rainforests, which is the water catchment area for most of the rivers and lakes flows across Galle District. Sinharaja Forest Reserve is one of them. Galle district lies in a temperate climatic zone.

Annual rain fall is between 2000-2500mm. The river Gin River"Gin Ganga" starts from Gongala Hill of Hiniduma patthuwa and in its long journey of . It passes Neluwa, Thawalama, Nagoda Baddegama and Thelikada areas. The river nourishes the land in extent of . After its long journey it flows to the Indian Ocean in Ginthota area of Galle District. The river Madu Ganga starts from Polathu Kanda and floes to the sea from Balapitiya also helps to maintain ecological balance in the Galle district.

Historical background

In the ancient Sri Lanka Galle District secured an important place in the battles against enemies as the capital city of Southern Province. Ancient legends revealed that in 1072 A.C. king Vijayabahu I started his battled against "Soli" in Thambalagamuwa of Hinidum Pattu. According to legends, during reign of king...
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