was a term from the American Civil War
used to refer to former Confederate
prisoners of war who had sworn allegiance to the Union
. Due to doubts about their ultimate loyalty, Galvanized Yankees were generally assigned to garrison forts far from the Civil War battlefields or in action against American Indians
in the west.
Regiments made up of "Galvanized Yankees"
1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Point Lookout, Md.
, January 21 to April 22, 1864. Moved to Norfolk, Va.
, and provost duty there and at Portsmouth, Va.
, District of Eastern Virginia, Dept. of Virginia
and North Carolina
, to August, 1864. Ordered to Milwaukee, Wis.
, thence to St. Louis, Mo.
, arriving there August 22. (4 Cos. remained in Wisconsin
till September, then ordered to Minnesota
.) Six Companies moved from St. Louis to Fort Rice
, Dakota Territory
, arriving there October 17, and garrison duty there; at Fort Berthold
and at Fort Union
, mouth of the Yellowstone
, till October, 1865. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., and mustered out November 27, 1865. Four Companies on duty in District of Minnesota till May, 1866. Mustered out May 21, 1866.
2nd U.S. Volunteer Infantry
Organized at Rock Island Prison, Arsenal Island
, Ill., October, 1864, but not organized until February 1865. Ordered to Dept. of Missouri
, sent by rail to Fort Leavenworth
and assigned to duty in District of Upper Arkansas
along the Santa Fe
Road from Little Arkansas River
to Fort Dodge
and Cimarron Crossing. From... Read More