is a remote group of peaks
located at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier
in the Karakoram
range of the Himalaya
on the border of the Chinese Shaksgam Valley
and the Gilgit-Baltistan
territory of Pakistan
. The massif
contains three of the world's 8,000 metre peaks
(if one includes Broad Peak). Gasherbrum is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably a reference to the highly visible face of Gasherbrum IV; but in fact it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) + "brum" (mountain) in Balti
, hence it actually means "beautiful mountain".
In 1856, Thomas George Montgomerie
, a British Royal Engineers lieutenant and a member of the Great Trigonometric Survey of India
, sighted a group of high peaks in the Karakoram from more than 200 km away. He named five of these peaks K1, K2, K3, K4 and K5 where the K denotes Karakoram. Today, K1 is known as Masherbrum
, K3 as Broad Peak, K4 as Gasherbrum II and K5 as Gasherbrum I. Only K2
, the second highest mountain in the world, has kept Montgomerie's name.
- H. Adams Carter, "Balti Place Names in the Karakoram", American Alpine Journal 49 (1975), p. 53.
- Mount Qogori (K2) ; edited and mapped by Mi Desheng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology), the Xi´an Cartographic Publishing House.