Gerald William "Ged" Baldwin
(January 18, 1907 – December 16, 1991) was a Canadian
politician who was known as the "Father and Grandfather" of the Access to Information Act
Born in Palmerston, New Zealand
, he was educated in Edmonton
and became a lawyer. During World War II
, he served with the Canadian Army in Britain and Europe. He was a candidate in the 1935 provincial elections
He was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons
representing the riding of Peace River
defeating Social Credit Party of Canada
leader Solon Low
. He had first run in 1957
but was defeated. A Progressive Conservative
he was re-elected in 1962
, and 1979
. From 1962 to 1963, he was the Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister. From 1968 to 1973 and again from 1984 to 1976, he was the Official Opposition House Leader and Progressive Conservative Party House Leader.
In 1985, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada
for "his efforts have stimulated many others to take up the cause, thus encouraging governments in many jurisdictions across Canada to adopt similar legislation.
In 1982, he received an honorary Doctor of Law degree from the University of Alberta
He published his autobiography, Frontier Justice
, in 1987.