Geological Survey of India
(GSI), established in 1851 is a government organization in India
controlled by the Union Ministry of Mines for conducting geological
surveys and studies. It is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world.
The roots of the Geological Survey of India may be traced to 1836 when a Committee, named Coal Committee, followed by more such committees, was formed by the East India Company
to study and explore availability of coals in the eastern parts of India. David H(iram) Williams, one of the first surveyors for the British Geological Survey
, was appointed 'Surveyor of coal districts and superintendent of coal works, Bengal' on 3rd Dec 1845 and arrived in India the following February. The phrase "Geological Survey of India" was first used in a report by one of such committees in a report in the year 1848-49
. On 4 February 1848, Williams was appointed the Geological Surveyor of the Geological Survey of India but he fell off his elephant and, soon after, died with his assistant, a Mr F. B. Jones, of 'jungle fever' on 15th Nov 1848Allen's Indian Mail
Vol VII No 117 London Monday, 22 January 1849 p41, after which John McClelland
took over as the "Officiating Surveyor" until his retirement on 5 March 1851.
The work of the Geological Survey remained primarily exploration for coal, mainly for powering steam transport, and later oil reserves, and ore deposits. In 1852, Sir Thomas Oldham
, father of......