George Bonham

George Bonham

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George Bonham

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Description:
Sir Samuel George Bonham, 1st Baronet KCB (Chinese Translated Name 文咸 or 般咸) (7 September 1803 – 8 October 1863) was a British colonial governor, who became the 3rd Governor of Hong Kong.

Background

Samuel George Bonham was born in Feversham, Kent on 7 September 1803. He was the son of Captain George Bonham, of the maritime service of the East India Company.

Early career

Bonham became Governor of the Straits Settlements in 1837, a post he held for the next six years.

Governor of Hong Kong

After a period of service with the East India Company, he was appointed Governor of Hong Kong and plenipotentiary and superintendent of trade in China on 21 March 1848. During his tenure Bonham cut government spendings to balance the budget and also stimulated the Real Estate market in order to increase government income. His method of increasing government income eventually became the major source of income for the Hong Kong government a century later. He was awarded a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1850. Two years later he was created a Baronet, of Malmesbury, in the County of Wiltshire.

Bonham was known for his calm demeanor and gentle nature. It was due to these qualities that Bonham gained the trust of...
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