Admiral Sir George Henry Richards
, (13 January 1820 – 14 November 1896), was Hydrographer
to the British Admiralty
from 1864 to 1874.
Richards was born in Anthony, Cornwall, the son of Captain G S Richards, and joined the navy in 1832.
Opium War and promotion to captain
He served in the Opium Wars
, in South America
, the Falkland Islands
, New Zealand
. He was promoted to captain in 1854 and from 1857 to 1864 he was in command of the two survey ships and .
Survey work in Canada
He was the second British commissioner to the San Juan Islands Boundary Commission
and a hydrographer
on the coast of British Columbia
in 1857-62. He is responsible for the selection and designation of dozens of placenames along the British Columbia coast. In the Vancouver
area, for example, he named False Creek
. In 1859, after his engineer Francis Brockton
found a vein of coal, he named Brockton Point
and the area of Coal Harbour
. In 1860, he named Mount Garibaldi
after Giuseppe Garibaldi
. Other landmarks in the area named by him are the Britannia Range
, and Brunswick Mountain
and many features in the Howe Sound
, Sunshine Coast
, and Jervis Inlet
areas.In 1864 he was appointed Hydrographer and held that position until 1874 when he retired.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
in June 1866 He was knighted in 1877, received the KCB
in 1881 and became an Admiral in... Read More