The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
(usually known by its abbreviation, GSLV
) is an expendable launch system
operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation
(ISRO). It was developed to enable India
to launch its INSAT
-type satellites into geostationary orbit
and to make India less dependent on foreign rockets.
The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) project was initiated in 1990 with the objective of acquiring launch capability for Geosynchronous satellites. Until then, India depended on the former Soviet Union
for the launch of heavy satellites.
GSLV uses major components that are already proven in the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
(PSLV) launchers in the form of the S125/S139 solid booster and the Vikas L40/L35.5 liquid fuel motors. The first development flight of GSLV Mk.I (GSLV-D1) was launched on 18 April 2001.
The GSLV improved on the performance of the PSLV
with the addition of liquid strap-on boosters and a cryogenic upper stage. It is a three-stage
launch vehicle with the first stage being solid-propelled, the second liquid-propelled (with hypergolic fuels) and the final stage being liquid propelled as well (with cryogenic fuels). The solid first and liquid second stages are carried over from the PSLV. Early GSLV launches used cryogenic upper stages supplied by Russia. India originally tried to buy the technology to build a... Read More