As the First World War unfolded, aircraft, which had previously been dismissed as having little military value, began to prove their critics wrong. As a result of these initial experiences, the armed forces on both sides began to put considerable thought into concepts for highly specialized types of combat aircraft. Not all of these concepts survived the test of combat. One such concept was that of a "battle-plane:" a large, heavily-armed, multi-engined aircraft designed to be a fighter aircraft
. The battle-planes proved to be unable to fight more maneuverable single seat fighters such as the German Fokker Eindecker
, the British Airco DH.2
and the French Nieuport 11
but they did prove highly successful when they were fitted with bomb racks and pressed into service as medium bombers. In Germany, these battle-planes were assigned the designation "K" (Kampfflugzeug
) but once they had been re-assigned to the bomber role they were assigned the designation "G" (Großflugzeug
) to identify them as bombers.
Operation Türkenkreuz – the Gotha Raids
The "Gotha Raids" were specific to a phase of aeroplane bombing raids conducted by Germany into Great Britain during the First World War.
In late 1916, Germany began planning a daylight bombing offensive against England called Operation Türkenkreuz
. In anticipation of the campaign, Kagohl
(Kampfgeschwader der Obersten Heeresleitung
) 3 (also nicknamed the "England... Read More