is a town in the Vulkaneifel
district in Rhineland-Palatinate
. It is the seat of the like-named Verbandsgemeinde
. Gerolstein is headquarters to a large mineral water
firm, Gerolsteiner Brunnen
. The town is also a climatic spa (Luftkurort
The town lies on the river Kyll
in the Vulkaneifel
, a part of the Eifel
known for its volcanic history, geographical and geological features, and even ongoing activity today, including gases that sometimes well up from the earth.
, besides the main town, also called Gerolstein, are Bewingen, Büscheich-Niedereich, Gees, Hinterhausen, Lissingen, Michelbach, Müllenborn, Oos and Roth.
One form of the name Gerolstein first cropped up in connection with the building of the Löwenburg (Castle Gerolstein) in 1115, which was then named as the Burg Gerhardstein
. Nevertheless, as early as the Stone Age
there is evidence of human habitation in the Buchenloch
, a nearby cave. In the Bronze Age
, the Dietzenley
was used by the Celts
as a flight castle. From Roman
times, a temple and dwellings are known, and remnants are preserved.
Town rights were granted Gerolstein in 1337. In 1691, the town was almost utterly destroyed when it was liberated from French
occupation by troops from the Duchy of Jülich
. After reconstruction, there was a devastating fire that burnt the town down in 1708; another, likewise disastrous, came in 1784.... Read More