Ghulam Mohammad Farhad
(1901–1984) was an Afghan engineer
nationalist. He lived in Germany
on a royal scholarship from 1921 to 1928, training as an electrician
at the Technical University of Munich
. During his studies in Germany, he came in contact with Nazi
policy and became fascinated by some aspects of it.Th. Ruttig, "Afghanistan's Political Parties and where they come from (1902-2006)"
, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
, Germany; with references to Abdulhamid Mubarez, Tahlil-e waqe’at.e siasi-ye Afghanistan 1919-1996
, Kabul, 1996: "... In 1948, Farhad was the first elected mayor of Kabul. <u>From 1934, he had studied in Nazi Germany and was fascinated by some aspects of its policy.</u> ..."
; () After he returned to Afghanistan, Farhad was appointed to several electricity-related posts in the government, finally serving as president of the Kabul Electric Company from 1939 to 1966. He traveled to Germany in 1947 to acquire equipment; he was often accused of favoring German-manufactured products. From 1948 to 1954, he was mayor of Kabul
. He notably installed the city's first traffic lights and declared a switch to right-hand driving. In 1966, Farhad created the Afghan Social Democratic Party
(also known as Afghan Mellat
or "Afghan Nation") on the bases of Pashtun nationalism, social democracy
, and anticommunism
. He was elected to Parliament, representing the sixth district of Kabul, in 1968, but... Read More