The Cathedral of Saint Mary of Girona
is the cathedral
church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Girona
, located in Girona
. Its interior includes the widest Gothic nave
in the world, with a width of , and the second widest overall after that of St. Peter's Basilica
. Its construction was first started in the 11th century in Romanesque style
, and later continued in the 13th century in Gothic style. Of the original Romanesque edifice only the 12th century cloister and the bell tower remain. The Cathedral was completed in the 18th century.
A primitive Christian church existed here before the Islamic conquest of Iberia
, after which it was converted into a mosque in 717. The Franks
reconquered the city in 785 under Charlemagne
, and the church was reconsecrated in 908.
In 1015 the church was in poor conditions, bishop Peter Roger, son of count Roger I of Carcassonne
, restored it with the money obtained by selling the church of St. Daniel
to his brother-in-law, count Ramon Borrell
of Barcelona. The church and its cloister were built until 1064, in Romanesque
style. The bell tower was completed in 1117.
The complex was redesigned by Pere Sacoma
in 1312. After a few years of dubitation, Guillem Bofill
and Antoni Canet
started the project in 1416. The new design consisted of a big Gothic nave
, the widest Gothic nave in the world — 22.98 m — and the second widest nave of all styles after St. Peter's Basilica
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