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The Gispaxlo'ots are one of the 14 tribes of the Tsimshian nation in British Columbia, Canada, and one of the nine of those tribes making up the "Nine Tribes" of the lower Skeena River resident at Lax Kw'alaams (a.k.a. Port Simpson), B.C. The name Gispaxlo'ots means literally "people of the place of elderberries." Their traditional territory includes an area on the Skeena River between Terrace and Prince Rupert. Since 1834, they have been based at Lax Kw'alaams, when a Hudson's Bay Company fort was established there. Traditionally, the Gispaxlo'ots have been the most powerful of the Tsimshian tribes, due to the exploits and wealth of their great trading chief, Ligeex. Lax Kw'alaams also sits on Gispaxlo'ots territory.

In addition to its leading, royal house, the House of Ligeex, which belongs to the Laxsgiik (Eagle clan), other house-groups (extended matrilineal families) of the Gispaxlo'ots include:

  • House of Spooxs -- Laxsgiik (Eagle clan) (this house has members associated today with the Kitsumkalum community)
  • House of Suhalaayt -- Gispwudwada (Killerwhale clan) (a totem pole belonging to this house was standing in Lax Kw'alaams as recently as the 1930s)
  • House of T'amks -- Gispwudwada (headed by Arthur Wellington Clah until his death, 1916)
  • House of 'Wiigyet -- Gispwudada (Killerwhale clan)

In 1935 William Beynon recorded that Gispaxlo'ots people in Lax Kw'alaams included 18 members of the Gispwudwada (Killerwhale clan) (2 house-groups), 24...
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