Giuseppe Agostino Orsi
- 1761) was a cardinal, theologian, and ecclesiastical historian.
Born as Agostino Francesco Orsi at Florence on 9 May 1692, of the aristocratic Florentine family Orsi, he studied grammar and rhetoric under the Jesuits
, but entered the Dominican Order
on 21 February 1708. At his profession he received the monastic name of Giuseppe Agostino. His studies included not only theology, in which he gave particular attention to the Fathers of the Church
and the great Scholastics
, but also classical and Italian literature.
Having been master of studies for some time at the convent of San Marco, Florence
, he was called to Rome in 1732 as professor of theology at the College of St. Thomas Aquinas
, where he was also made prior. He held this position for two years, after which he became the theologian of Cardinal Neri Corsini
, nephew of Pope Clement XII
. In 1738 he was appointed secretary of the Congregation of the Index
. In 1749 Benedict XIV
made him "Magister Sacri Palatii
", or papal theologian, and on 24 September 1759, Clement XIII
created him cardinal priest
of the title of San Sisto. In this position Orsi was an active member of several Congregations until his death on 12 June 1761, in Rome. He was buried in his titular church
of San Sisto Vecchio
Orsi's literary activity covered especially dogmatics, apologetics
, and church history. His most important works are the following:
- "Dissertatio historica qua......