<!---->The Godhra train burning () was an incident in which a sleeper coach on a passenger train was set on fire in 2002 by a group in Godhra, Gujarat, India in a conspiracy. 59 Hindu pilgrim passengers coming from Ayodhya were killed
Godhra has a history of communal riots, many of which have been documented by Asghar Ali Engineer, along with the internecine social dynamics.
A majority of Muslims in Godhra belong to the impoverished Ghanchi community. At the time of partition the Ghanchis were supporters of the Muslim League and were also known to be quite militant and aggressive.
Earlier riots involved Muslim Ghanchis and Hindu Sindhis:
The army was called to curb disturbances in 1948, 1953–55, and 1985.