(, ) is an administrative district
in the state of Assam
. It attained district status in 1987. The district headquarters are located at Golaghat
. The district occupies an area of 3502 km² and lies 100 m above sea level. As of 2001, Golaghat district has a population of 946,279. Hindus 813,263, Muslims 74,808 (7.9%), Christians 52,277. World famous Kaziranga National Park is situated in Golaghat district.
Golaghat district is surrounded by the river Brahmaputra
to the north, the state of Nagaland
to the south, Jorhat
district to the east and Karbi Anglong
district to the west. Dhansiri
is the principal river, which originates from Laisang peak
of Nagaland. It streams through a distance of 352 km from south to north before joining the Brahmaputra. Its catchment area is 1220 km². Doyang, Nambor, Doigrung and Kalioni are the four rivulets of the Dhansiri. The river Kakodonga
marks the border between Golaghat and Jorhat districts.
The climate is tropical with a hot and humid weather prevailing most of the summer and monsoon months. Total average annual rainfall is 1300 mm. Maximum precipitation occurs in June and July. Maximum temperature is 38.0°C in June and minimum temperature is 10.0°C in December.
The name 'Golaghat' originated from the markets established by a business class of people called 'Marwari' (who have their origins in Rajasthan
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