(, rhymes with cough
), also known historically as Gonçalo Álvares
or Diego Alvarez
, is a volcanic island
in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is a dependency of Tristan da Cunha
and part of the British overseas territory
of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
. It is uninhabited except for the personnel of a weather station
(usually six people) which the South African National Antarctic Programme
has maintained continually on the island since 1956. It is one of the most remote places with a constant human presence.
Geography and geology
Gough Island rises to heights of over above sea level. Its area is according to the South African Antarctic Programme. It is located at . Topographic features include the highest Peak, Edinburgh Peak, Hags Tooth, Mount Rowett, Sea Elephant Bay, Quest Bay, and Hawkins Bay.
It includes small satellite islands and rocks such as Southwest Island, Saddle Island (South), Tristiana Rock, Isolda Rock (West), Round Island, Cone Island, Lot's Wife, Church Rock (North), Penguin Island (Northeast), and The Admirals (East). It is a remote and lonely place, about southeast of the other islands in the Tristan da Cunha group, from Cape Town
, and over from the nearest point of South America.
The first recorded discovery of Gough Island was in 1505 or 1506 by the Portuguese seaman Gonçalo Álvares. Maps during the next three centuries named the island... Read More