Government of Meiji Japan

Government Of Meiji Japan

Government of Meiji Japan

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The Government of Meiji Japan () was the government which was formed by politicians of the Satsuma Domain, Chōshū Domain and Tenno. The Meiji government was the early government of the Empire of Japan.

Politicians of the Meiji government were known as the Meiji oligarchy, who overthrew the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Early developments

After the Meiji restoration, the leaders of the samurai who overthrew the Tokugawa Shogun had no clear agenda or pre-developed plan on how to run Japan. They did have a number of things in common – most were in their mid-30s, and most were from the four tozama domains of western Japan (Chōshū, Satsuma, Tosa and Hizen). Although from lower-ranked samurai families, they had risen to military leadership roles in their respective domains, and came from a Confucian-based educational background which stressed loyalty and service to society. Finally, most either had first-hand experience in travel overseas, or second-hand experience through contacts with foreign advisors in Japan. As a result, they knew of the military superiority of the western nations and of the need for Japan to unify, and to strengthen itself to avoid the colonial fate of its neighbors on the Asian continent.

However, in 1867, the country was largely a collection of semi-independent feudal domains held together by the military strength of the Satchō Alliance, and by the prestige of the Imperial Court.

In early March 1868, while the outcome of the Boshin War was still uncertain, the...
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