Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Exile

Government Of The Democratic Republic Of Georgia In Exile

Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Exile

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The Government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG) continued to function as the government in exile (National Government of Georgia, NGG) after the Soviet Russian Red Army invaded Georgia and the Bolsheviks took over the country early in 1921.

The elected Menshevik-dominated government of Georgia chaired by Noe Zhordania decided to leave the country after the war with the Soviets was irreversibly lost. At the last session of the Constituent Assembly of Georgia held in Batumi on 18 March 1921, the deputies voted for the exile of the government. On the same day, the members of the government, several deputies of the Constituent Assembly, a few military officers and their families went aboard the ship Ernest Renan and sailed first to Istanbul, Turkey, and then to France whose government granted the Georgian émigrés a political asylum.

Using Georgian state funds, the government bought a 5-ha domain surrounding a small "castle" (actually, a hunting lodge) in Leuville-sur-Orge, a small town located near Paris. Leuville was declared as an official residence of the government in exile. Although the émigrés experienced permanent shortage of money, Zhordania's government maintained close contacts with the still popular Menshevik party and other anti-Soviet organizations in Georgia, and thus presented a certain nuisance value for the Soviet authorities. The NGG encouraged and helped the Committee for Independence of Georgia, an inter-party bloc in Georgia, in its...
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