In 1639,the Madras grant was finalized between the factors of the Masulipatnam factory represented by Francis Day
and the Raja of Chandragiri. In 1640, Andrew Cogan
,the chief of the Masulipatnam factory made his way to Madras in the company of Francis Day and the British and Indian employees of the Masulipatnam factory. The Agency of Madras was established on 1 March 1640 and Andrew Cogan was made the First Agent. The official title was 'Governor of Fort St George' and the Governor was usually referred to as Agent. He served in the post for three years and was succeeded by Francis Day. After four agents had served their terms, Madras was upgraded to a Presidency during the time of Aaron Baker
. However financial considerations forced the Company to revert to an agency soon after Aaron Baker had served his term. The Agency survived until 1684 when Madras was made a Presidency once and for all. Streynsham Master
is the most remembered and renowned of the Agents of Madras.
was elevated to a Presidency
in 1684 and remained so until 12 February 1785 when new rules and regulations brought by the Pitt's India Act reformed the administration of the East India Company with the exception of a three-year period of French rule from 1746 to 1749 when Madras was a governorship.
Subsequently, Elihu Yale
who took charge on 8 August 1684 was the First President of Madras. Elihu Yale
, Thomas Pitt
and George Macartney
are some of the well-known Presidents of... Read More