Gravitation (Astronomy)

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In astronomy, the discovery and application of Newton's law of gravity accounted for the detailed information we have about the planets in our solar system, the mass of the sun, the distance to stars and even the theory of dark matter. Although humans have not traveled to all the planets nor to the sun, these bodies' mass is known through the study of the law of gravity. In space everything is in an orbit around some massive object. They maintain orbit because of the force of gravity between them. Planets orbit stars, stars orbit galactic centers, galaxies orbit a center of mass in clusters, and clusters orbit in superclusters.

By watching how the position of a planet changes with respect to earth over the course of a year, we can determine by using geometry how far that planet is from the sun compared to how far the earth is, thus getting the distance from that planet to the sun. Copernicus calculated the distances of the inner planets and Kepler noticed a relation between them and their orbits. When Newton formulated his law of gravity, he generalized Kepler's third law to show that the masses of the sun and the planets were involved in the calculation. From Newton's law of gravity, science calculated the mass of the sun basically using Kepler's third law that the sidereal period of an object in orbit around another object cubed is equal to the distance between them, the radius, squared, in conjunction with Newton's law of gravity applying the product of the masses.

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By watching how the position of a planet changes with respect to earth over the course of a year, we can determine by using geometry how far that planet is from the sun compared to how far the earth is, thus getting the distance from that planet to the sun. Copernicus calculated the distances of the inner planets and Kepler noticed a relation between them and their orbits. When Newton formulated his law of gravity, he generalized Kepler's third law to show that the masses of the sun and the planets were involved in the calculation. From Newton's law of gravity, science calculated the mass of the sun basically using Kepler's third law that the sidereal period of an object in orbit around another object cubed is equal to the distance between them, the radius, squared, in conjunction with Newton's law of gravity applying the product of the masses.

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