The Great Wall of Gorgan
is a series of ancient defensive fortifications located near Gorgan
in the Golestān Province
of northeastern Iran
, at the southeastern part of the Caspian Sea
. Kiani, M. Y. , Encyclopedia Iranica
, Online version.
The wall is located at a geographic narrowing between the Caspian Sea and the mountains of northeastern Iran, one of several Caspian Gates
at the eastern part of a region known in antiquity as Hyrcania
, on the nomadic route from the northern steppes to the Iranian heartland, and the wall is believed to have protected theSassanian Empire
to the south from thepeoples to the north.Omrani Rekavandi, H., Sauer, E., Wilkinson, T. & Nokandeh, J. (2008), , Current World Archaeology
, No. 27, February/March 2008, pp. 12-22.. and features over 30 fortresses
spaced at intervals of between 10 and 50 kilometres. It is surpassed only by the Great Wall of China
as the longest defensive wall in existence.
It is also known as as The Red Snake
among archaeologists due to the colour of its bricks, and as the Gorgan Defence Wall, Anushirvân Barrier, Firuz Barrier and Qazal Al'an, Sadd-i-Iskandar (Persian
for dam or barrier
), as Alexander the Great
is said to have passed through the Caspian Gates
on his hasty march to Hyrcania
and the east.
The barrier consists of a wall,... Read More