Griqualand East

Griqualand East

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Griqualand East

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Description:
Griqualand East (Dutch/English: Nieuw Griqualand on government-issued documents; colloquially Dutch/Afrikaans: Griekwaland-Oos/Oost) was one of four short-lived Griqua states in Southern Africa from the early 1860s until the late 1870s and was located between the Umzimkulu and Kinira Rivers, south of the Sotho Kingdom.

Griqualand East's capital, Kokstad, was the final place of settlement for a people that had migrated several times on their journey from the Cape of Good Hope and over the mountains of present-day Lesotho. Shortly before the death of its founder and only leader, Adam Kok III, the small country was annexed and incorporated into the British Empire's Cape Colony. Though for a long time overshadowed in history by the story of the Voortrekkers, the trek of the Griquas has been described as "one of the great epics of the 19<sup>th</sup> century.""...een van die epiese gebeurtenisse van die 19de eeu."<br>Webster, Roger. Die Adam Kok-Trek. in:Langs die Kampvuur. Waare Suider-Afrikaanse stories. Spearhead. p84f

History

Background

Before the arrival of migrants from the West and North, the area was part of the Mpondo kingdom under King Faku,Stapleton, Timothy J. Faku. Rulership and Colonialism in the Mpondo Kingdom. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. 2001. who ruled as sovereign of the ethnically Xhosa dynasty from 1815-1867.<ref...
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