The Guangzhou Uprising
() of 1927 was a failed communist
uprising in the city of Guangzhou
in southern China
On December 11 1927, red guard
citizens, directed by communist political leaders, took over Guangzhou
(then known as Canton in English). The uprising occurred despite the strong objections of communist military commanders such as Ye Ting
, Ye Jianying
and Xu Xiangqian
. Using the element of surprise, the uprising took over most of the city within hours, despite a huge numerical and technical disadvantage by opposing forces. The communist leaders officially renamed the city's political structure as "Guangzhou Soviet". However, the uprising was quickly answered by warlord forces. Zhang Tailei
, the leading red guard organizer, was killed in an ambush as he returned from a meeting. The take-over was dispelled by the early morning of December 13 1927.
In the resulting purges, many young communists lost their lives, and the Guangzhou
Soviet became known as the "Guangzhou Commune"
or "Paris Commune of the East"
; it lasted only a short while at the cost of more than 5,000 Communists' lives, and an equal number missing. As a scapegoat, Ye Ting
, the military commander was purged and blamed for the failure, despite the fact that the obvious disadvantage of the Communist force was the main cause, and Ye Ting and other military commanders had correctly pointed out the problem. Enraged by his unjustified treatment, Ye Ting left China
and went into exile... Read More