Guarulhos

Guarulhos

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Guarulhos

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Description:
Guarulhos () is the second largest city in the Brazilian state of São Paulo and a suburb of São Paulo city itself. In the last few years it has passed up Campinas. The population in 2006 is 1,283,253, the density is 4,035.26 inh./km² and the area is 318 km². It is 12th largest incorporated city in Brazil.

Overview

Ranks 8th by GDP among Brazilian cities; 2nd in São Paulo state. (source:IBGE, Brazil's national institute of statistics. GDP by cities report, published in 2005 with data from 2002).

It is the 10th largest suburb in the world.

The name comes from the Tupi language, and means Eaters, big-bellied people; a reference to the original indigenous inhabitants of the area.

The per capita income for the municipality is R$12,793.

São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (GRU), one of the main Brazilian airports, is located there.

Mamonas Assassinas, a 1990s satirical pop/rock group, came from Guarulhos.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Guarulhos.

History

Guarulhos was founded on December 8th 1560 by the Jesuit priest Manuel de Paiva and entitled as Nossa Senhora da Conceição. Its origin is linked to five other small villages that were in charge of defending the boundaries of the Village of São Paulo de Piratininga against the Tamoios, a wild tribe of Indians that lived in the region.

In the 16th Century, Guarulhos was a strategic location: bordered the future São Paulo’s Capital and surrounded by the rivers...
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