Gulmarg

Gulmarg

Pakistan Jurisdiction
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Gulmarg

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Description:
<!-- See WikiProject Pakistani cities for details -->Gulmarg (, translation: "Path of Roses") is a town, a hill station and a notified area committee in Baramula district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Geography

Gulmarg is located 52&nbsp;km from Srinagar. It is located at . It has an average elevation of .

Demographics

At the 2001 India census, Gulmarg had a population of 664, though many people are required to leave by nightfall. Only tourists and those working in the tourism industry may stay overnight. Males constitute 99% of the population and females 1%. Gulmarg has an average literacy rate of 96%, higher than the Indian national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 97%, and female literacy is 22%. In Gulmarg, 0% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Gulmarg has been a resort for the kings like Yousuf Shah Chak and Jahangir who used to visit frequently. The old name of Gulmarg was "Gaurimarg", the name of Lord Shiva's wife. Yousuf Shah Chak changed its name to Gulmarg, meaning the place of roses. During the early part of the 20th century the famous Central Asian explorer Sir Marc Aurel Stein (1862–1943), made his home here in a tent between his expeditions. It was a favourite summer holiday destination for the British stationed in India.

The surrounding areas were politically restive during the 1990s uprising in Kashmir, but since a ceasefire between India and......
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