Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani

Hamid Al-Din Al-Kirmani

Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani

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Hamid al–Din Abu’l–Hasan Ahmad b. ‘Abdallah al–Kirmani (996–1021 CE) was a Persian Isma'ili scholar who served as a da'i, theologian and philosopher under the Fatimid caliph-imam al-Hakim bi Amr Allah. He was called upon to refute the dissident da'is, who by proclaiming al-Hakim's divinity had initiated the Druze movement. His prominent works are:

  • Rahat al-‘aql (Peace of Mind, or Comfort of Reason), completed in 1020 and considered his magnum opus
  • Al-Aqwal al-dhahabiya, refuting al-Razi's argument against the necessity of revelation
  • Kitab al-riyad, a book that propounds the early Isma'ili cosmology.


Further reading



Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani (died 1020), a prominent Ismaili da’i or missionary, was one of the most learned Ismaili theologians and philosophers of the Fatimid period. Al-Kirmani rose to prominence during the reign of Fatimid Caliph-Imam al-Hakim (r. 996–1021).

Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani’s date of birth remains unknown, but he was of Persian origin and was probably born in the province of Kirman. He seems to have spent the greater part of his life as a Fatimid da’i in Iraq, having been particularly active in Baghdad and Basra.

The central headquarters of the Fatimid da’wa in Cairo considered him as the most learned Ismaili theologian of the time. It was in that capacity that al-Kirmani played an important role in refuting the extremist ideas of some of the da’is. Al-Kirmani was summoned in 1014 or shortly earlier to Cairo where...
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