() was one of the three cities whose merging formed modern-day Wuhan
, the capital of the Hubei
. It stands north of the Han
and Yangtze Rivers
where the Han falls into the Yangtze. Hankou is connected by bridges to its former sister cities Hanyang
(between Han and Yangtze) and Wuchang
(on the south side of he Yangtze).
Hankou is the main port
of Hubei province.
The city's name literally means "The Mouth of the Han", referring to its location on the north bank of the confluence of the Han and Yangtze Rivers. The name appears in a Tang Dynasty
poem by Liu Changqing
. Other historical names for the city include Xiakou (), Miankou (), and Lukou ().
Hankou used to have five colonial concessions from the United Kingdom
. The German and Russian concessions were administered by the Chinese government after the First World War
. The British left in 1927 during the Northern Expedition
after the Chinese Kuomintang
forces seized the multimillion dollar concession from them, refusing to hand it back to the British. The French and Japanese left after the Second World War
On October 10, 1911, a revolution to establish the Republic of China
and replace the Qing Dynasty
led to the involvement of Hankou in the struggle between Hubei revolutionary forces and the Qing army, led by Yuan Shikai
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