Hariot Georgina Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava VA CI DBE
(5 February 1843 – 25 October 1936) was a British peeress
, known for her success in the role of "diplomatic wife", and for leading an initiative to improve medical care for women in British India
Born Hariot Georgina Rowan-Hamilton, she was the eldest of the seven children of Archibald Rowan-Hamilton
of Killyleagh Castle
. On 23 October 1862 she married her distant cousin, the 5th Baron Dufferin and Claneboye
and they later had three daughters and six sons.
Her husband was created Earl of Dufferin in 1871 and she and their children travelled with him to Canada
a year later, upon his appointment as Governor General
. Lady Dufferin was one of the most popular of governor-general's wives, and was starting to build up her reputation as "the most effective diplomatic wife of her generation". (ODNB
) She was sad to leave when the earl's term ended in 1878.
Next he was ambassador to Russia
from 1879–81, and to the Ottoman Empire
from 1881-84, where she received the Grand Crescent of the Turkish Order of the Chefakat
in 1883, followed by the Persian Order of the Sun
in 1887. In both St. Petersburg
, as at all their embassies, the couple were known for their hospitality.
Lady Dufferin then went with her husband to India
in 1884 when he was appointed as the country's viceroy
, and set up the National Association for supplying Female Medical Aid to the......