and Second Hawaiian Renaissance
(also often called the Hawaiian Cultural Renaissance
) was the Hawaiian
resurgence of a distinct cultural identity that draws upon traditional kānaka maoli
culture, with a significant divergence from the tourism
which Hawaii was previously known for worldwide (along with the rest of Polynesia
First Hawaiian Renaissance
The First Hawaiian Renaissance
had its foundation in the nationalism
sentiments of King Kamehameha V
. At the time Hawaii was an independent kingdom. The intention was to from a contemporary national identity rather than modeling Hawaii after Great Britain
and the Culture of the United States
. King Kalākaua
had controversial rise to power which included an election riot upon public awareness of the results. His formal coronation under foreign military security gave the impression he took power by force rather than popularity.
Kalākaua had took steps to perpetuated nationalism. Kalākaua replaced the considerably Christian national anthem He Mele Lahui Hawaii
with Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī
in 1876 inspired by Kamehameha I
. He had the aged ʻIolani Palace
rebuilt starting in 1879 and finishing in 1882.
Despite early efforts to earn favor with his people growing views he was abandoning his people continued, Kalākaua intended to re-invent himself worthy as a ruler.
Kalākaua spent three years planning his second coronation in 1883 to erase the impression given by his first,... Read More