Founded in 1895
, the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association
(HSPA) was an unincorporated, voluntary organization of sugar plantation
owners in the Hawaiian Islands
. Its objective was to promote the mutual benefits of its members and the development of the sugar
industry in the islands. It conducted scientific studies and gathered accurate records about the sugar
industry. The HSPA practiced paternalistic management. Plantation
owners introduced welfare programs, sometimes out of concern for the workers, but often designed to suit their economic ends. Threats, coercion, and "divide and rule" tactics were employed, particularly to keep the plantation
workers ethnically segregated.
The HSPA also actively campaigned to bring workers to Hawaii
. For instance, they opened offices in Manila
, Ilocos Sur
, to recruit Filipino workers and provide them free passage to Hawaii
. Similarly, the HSPA became a powerful organization with tentacles reaching as far as Washington, D.C.
, where it successfully lobbied for legislation and labor
policies beneficial to the sugar
industry of Hawaii
. On March 24, 1934, the U.S. Congress
passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act
(Philippine Independence Act
), which reclassified all Filipinos living in the United States
and restricted entry of laborers from the Philippines
to 50 per year.
The archives are now kept at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa