or Hecaton of Rhodes
c. 100 BC) was a Stoic
He was a native of Rhodes
, and a disciple of Panaetius
,Cicero, De Officiis
, 3.15. but nothing else is known of his life. It is clear that he was eminent amongst the Stoics of the period. He was a voluminous writer, but nothing remains. Diogenes Laërtius
mentions six treatises written by Hecato:
- Περὶ ἀγαθῶν - On Goods, in at least nineteen books.
- Περὶ ἀρετῶν - On Virtues.
- Περὶ παθῶν - On Passions.
- Περὶ τελῶν - On Ends.
- Περὶ παραδόξων - On Paradoxes, in at least thirteen books.
- Χρεῖαι - Maxims.
In addition Cicero
writes that Hecato wrote a work on On Duties
, () dedicated to Quintus Tubero.Hecato is also frequently mentioned by Seneca
in his treatise De Beneficiis
. Seneca also quotes Hecato in his Epistle IX, 6 "If you want to be loved, love."
According to Diogenes, Hecato divided the virtues
into two kinds, those founded on scientific intellectual principles (i.e. wisdom
), and those with no such basis (e.g., temperance and the resultant health and vigour). Like the earlier Stoics, Cleanthes
, Hecato also held that virtue may be taught.
Cicero shows that he was much interested in casuistical......