(17 September 1913 in Berlin
– 1 July 1941 in Berlin) was a leader of the Communist
Youth League of Germany
(Kommunistischer Jugendverband Deutschlands;
KJVD) in Berlin
in the 1930s.
By training he was a book printer, having learnt the craft between 1928 and 1932, but he was thereafter jobless until 1934. During his training, he had joined the KJVD in 1931, which became illegal with the Nazis
' seizure of power
in 1933. Nevertheless, he continued to be a member and used the Alliance to further his anti-fascist goals. He was, for instance, involved in the publication and distribution of anti-fascist literature.
Early in 1934, Kapelle was arrested for the first time and sentenced to two years' imprisonment
on 20 September 1934 by the Berliner Kammergericht
for "conspiracy to commit high treason
". Once released, he quickly returned to anti-régime activities. He in effect led an illegal youth resistance
group of about 60 members against the Nazis
. The leaflets that he wrote he sometimes even distributed himself, by scattering them in the streets of Berlin's working-class neighbourhoods at night from his motorcycle.
He was arrested many times, but in the end, he and five other group members were arrested by the Gestapo
on 16 October 1939. Kapelle was tortured
, but never betrayed the other members of his group. The court sentenced Heinz Kapelle to death on 21 February 1941 for "furthering the enemy's cause and conspiracy to commit high treason". On... Read More