Henry John Gauntlett
(9 July 1805, Wellington, Shropshire
– 21 February 1876, London
) was an English organist
known in British
music circles for his authorship of a large number of hymns
and other pieces for the organ.
He became the organist at his father's churchHenry Gauntlett, who was curate at Olney (1811-1815) and vicar (1815-1834), wrote An Exposition of the Book of Revelation
London: Seeley (1821) which is still a widely respected commentary on that biblical book. at Olney
at the age of nine.
He was intended for a career in law and remained a lawyer
until he was almost forty years of age, when he abandoned the profession and devoted himself to music.
He was organist at a number of leading London churches, St Olave's in Tooley Street, Southwark
from 1827 to 1846 where he designed a new grand organ which was built, installed and perfected to his satisfaction between 1844 and March 1846, and Union Chapel, Islington
from 1852 - 1861.
Eventually the degree of Mus. Doc. was conferred on him by the Archbishop of Canterbury
, he being the first to receive such a degree from that quarter for over 200 years. He did much to raise the standard of church music both mechanically and musically.
In 1852, he patented an "electrical-action apparatus" for organs. He wrote much music and over 1,000 hymn tunes
, and edited a large number of hymn books
. His most famous tune is "Irby", the... Read More