Herman Willem Daendels
, October 21, 1762 – St. George d'Elmina
(Dutch Gold Coast
, now part of Ghana
), May 2, 1818) was a Dutch politician
who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811.The only complete biography of Daendels is the now rather dated publication by Paul van 't Veer, Daendels, maarschalk van Holland
(Zeist/Antwerpen: De Haan-Standaard Boekhandel 1963).
Born in Hattem
, on the 21 October 1762, Daendels was the son of Burchard Johan Daendels, the mayoral secretary, and Josina Christina Tulleken. He studied law at the University of Harderwijk
, acquiring his doctorate on 10 April 1783.
In 1785, he sided with the Patriot
, who had seized power in several Dutch cities. In 1786 he defended the city of Hattem against stadholderian troops. In 1787, he defended Amsterdam
against the Prussian
army that invaded the Netherlands to restore William V of Orange
. After William V was in power again, he fled to France
because of a death sentence. Daendels was close witness to the French revolution.
He returned to the Netherlands in 1794, as a general
in the French revolutionary army of general Charles Pichegru
and commander of the Batavian Legion
. Daendels helped unitarian politician Pieter Vreede
to power in a coup d'état
on 25 January 1798. The group behind Vreede was dissatisfied with the conservative-moderate majority in parliament, which... Read More