is a variant of the Luwian language
, recorded in official and royal seals
and a small number of monumental inscriptions. It is written in a hieroglyphic script known as Anatolian hieroglyphs
the script has also been called Luwian
, and (in older publications) Hittite hieroglyphs
. A number of Italian scholars use Geroglifico Anatolico
, a term that is gaining popularity in English also, with Craig Melchert
favouring Anatolian hieroglyphs
in recent publications.
A decipherment was presented by Emmanuel Laroche
in 1960, building on partial decipherments proposed since the 1930s.Corrections to the readings of certain signs as well as other clarifications were given by David Hawkins, Anna Morpurgo Davies and Günther Neumann in 1973, generally referred to as "the new readings".
The earliest hieroglyphs appear on official and royal seals, dating from the early 2nd millennium BC
, but they begin to function as a full-fledged writing system only from the 14th century
. The first monumental inscriptions confirmed as Luwian date to the Late Bronze Age
, ca. 14th to 13th centuries BC. And after some two centuries of sparse material the hieroglyphs resume in the Early Iron Age
, ca. 10th to 8th centuries. In the early 7th... Read More