is a high plateau
region of inland South Africa
which is largely home to the largest metropolitan area in the country, the Gauteng City Region
, which accounts for one-third of South Africa's population.
Location and description
The Highveld constitutes parts of the Mpumalanga
, Northern Cape
, North West
, and Limpopo
provinces, and virtually all of Gauteng
and the northern Free State
. The Highveld is bordered by the Bushveld
and the Lowveld
in the north, northeast, and northwest, the Drakensberg
mountains to the east and southeast, the Kalahari
desert in the west, and the Great Karoo
to the southwest. The Highveld covers an area of almost 400,000 km², or roughly thirty percent of South Africa's land area.
The Highveld rainy season
occurs in summer, with substantial afternoon thunderstorms being typical occurrences in November, December, and January. Frost occurs in winter.
Urban areas and industry
Cities located on the Highveld include Johannesburg
, and the cities of the West Rand
and East Rand
. The diamond-mining city of Kimberley
lies on the border of the Highveld and the southeastern Kalahari.
Approximately half the gold
ever produced in the world has been mined on the Highveld since 1880. The largest deposits are located in the Witwatersrand
, which centres on Johannesburg, with smaller deposits in the northern Free State near Welkom and Virginia. The Highveld is also exceedingly rich in......